Query: NC_012759:3648500 Escherichia coli BW2952 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: Chromohalobacter salexigens DSM 3043 was first isolated from a solar salt facility on Bonaire Island, Netherlands Antilles. A moderate halophile which can grow on a variety of salts. This bacterium is a moderate halophile, yet does not require high concentrations of sodium chloride. The salt requirements of this organism can be met by ions of other salts, such as potassium, rubidium, ammonium, bromide. Several plasmids have been isolated from this organism. Plasmid pMH1 contains genes for resistance to kanamycin, neomycin, and tetracycline. A smaller plasmid, pHE1, which does not code for antibiotic resistance genes, has also been isolated.