Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTN

Query: NC_012659:5031827 Bacillus anthracis str. A0248, complete genome

Lineage: Bacillus anthracis; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This strain (96-10355; K1256) is a human isolated from USA. This organism was the first to be shown to cause disease by Dr. Robert Koch, leading to the formulation of Koch's postulates, which were verified by Dr. Louis Pasteur (the organism, isolated from sick animals, was grown in the laboratory and then used to infect healthy animals and make them sick). This organism was also the first for which an attenuated strain was developed as a vaccine. Herbivorous animals become infected with the organism when they ingest spores from the soil whereas humans become infected when they come into contact with a contaminated animal. Anthrax is not transmitted due to person-to-person contact. The three forms of the disease reflect the sites of infection which include cutaneous (skin), pulmonary (lung), and intestinal. Pulmonary and intestinal infections are often fatal if left untreated. Spores are taken up by macrophages and become internalized into phagolysozomes (membranous compartment) whereupon germination initiates. Bacteria are released into the bloodstream once the infected macrophage lyses whereupon they rapidly multiply, spreading throughout the circulatory and lymphatic systems, a process that results in septic shock, respiratory distress and organ failure. The spores of this pathogen have been used as a terror weapon.

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BLASTN Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_009850:1601982 Arcobacter butzleri RM4018, complete genome

Lineage: Arcobacter butzleri; Arcobacter; Campylobacteraceae; Campylobacterales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Arcobacter butzleri RM4018 was isolated from a human patient with gastroenteritis. Causes gastroenteritis in humans. Arcobacter butzleri is a member of the family Campylobacteraceae, related to the human pathogenic Campylobacter spp. and the environmental Sulfurospirillum spp. A. butzleri is mainly found in livestock and water/marine environments and can cause gastroenteritis and bacteremia in humans.