Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTN

Query: NC_012659:3617000 Bacillus anthracis str. A0248, complete genome

Lineage: Bacillus anthracis; Bacillus; Bacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This strain (96-10355; K1256) is a human isolated from USA. This organism was the first to be shown to cause disease by Dr. Robert Koch, leading to the formulation of Koch's postulates, which were verified by Dr. Louis Pasteur (the organism, isolated from sick animals, was grown in the laboratory and then used to infect healthy animals and make them sick). This organism was also the first for which an attenuated strain was developed as a vaccine. Herbivorous animals become infected with the organism when they ingest spores from the soil whereas humans become infected when they come into contact with a contaminated animal. Anthrax is not transmitted due to person-to-person contact. The three forms of the disease reflect the sites of infection which include cutaneous (skin), pulmonary (lung), and intestinal. Pulmonary and intestinal infections are often fatal if left untreated. Spores are taken up by macrophages and become internalized into phagolysozomes (membranous compartment) whereupon germination initiates. Bacteria are released into the bloodstream once the infected macrophage lyses whereupon they rapidly multiply, spreading throughout the circulatory and lymphatic systems, a process that results in septic shock, respiratory distress and organ failure. The spores of this pathogen have been used as a terror weapon.

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BLASTN Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_011852:211314 Haemophilus parasuis SH0165, complete genome

Lineage: Haemophilus parasuis; Haemophilus; Pasteurellaceae; Pasteurellales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This organism is the causative agent of Glasser's disease in swine but is usually found as a commensal organism in the upper respiratory tract. Glasser's disease is responsible for significant losses in swine husbandry. The disease was first noted in 1910 by Glasser and the organism requires factor V (NAD - nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) growth factor, like H. suis, but not factor X (iron porphyrin) which H. suis requires. Pathogenicity and virulence are often strain specific. Symptoms include fibrinous polyserositis (fibrous inflammation of serous membranes, polyarthritis (inflammation of multiple joints) and meningitis (inflammation of meninges)and pneumonia.