Query: NC_012491:3115518 Brevibacillus brevis NBRC 100599, complete genome Lineage: Brevibacillus brevis; Brevibacillus; Paenibacillaceae; Bacillales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Strictly aerobic, Gram-positive, spore-forming soil bacterium. When faced with nutritional stress, this species develops genetic competance and motility, sporulates, and produces antibiotics during the transition between the exponential and stationary phases. The genes involved in antibiotic production have been well characterized and have led to the commercial production of tyrocidine and gramicidin.
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General Information: This strain is a North American clinical isolate from human blood. Photorhabdus asymbiota, formerly Xenorhabdus luminescens, has been isolated from human wound and blood infections often in association with spider bites. This species can also be isolated from the entomopathogenic nematode Heterorhabditis indica. Photorhabdus asymbiota is divided into two subspecies, subsp. australis which contains the Australian clinical isolates and subsp. asymbiota which contains the North American isolates. Photorhabdus is currently subdivided into three species, luminescens, temperate and asymbiotica all of which have been isolated as symbionts of heterorhabditid nematodes. This organism is unusual in that it is symbiotic within one insect, and pathogenic in another, the only organism that is known to exhibit this dual phenotype.