Query: NC_012029:1525929 Halorubrum lacusprofundi ATCC 49239 chromosome 1, complete genome Lineage: Halorubrum lacusprofundi; Halorubrum; Halobacteriaceae; Halobacteriales; Euryarchaeota; Archaea General Information: Formerly Halobacterium lacusprofundi, this organism is an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from Deep Lake, Antarctica. Extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from the Antarctic. Halorubrum lacusprofundi is a red pigmented halophilic archaeon which has been found in hypersaline marine enviornments. Originally thought to be a psychrophile, further research determined that the optimum temperature for growth for Halorubrum lacusprofundi was from 31 - 37 degrees C.
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General Information: Isolated from forest soil near the Quabbin Reservoir in Massachusetts, USA. This organism plays an important industrial and ecological role in the anaerobic fermentation of cellulose and produces economically significant levels of acetate and ethanol. This genus comprises about 150 metabolically diverse species of anaerobes that are ubiquitous in virtually all anoxic habitats where organic compounds are present, including soils, aquatic sediments and the intestinal tracts of animals and humans. This shape is attributed to the presence of endospores that develop under conditions unfavorable for vegetative growth and distend single cells terminally or sub-terminally. Spores germinate under conditions favorable for vegetative growth, such as anaerobiosis and presence of organic substrates. It is believed that present day Mollicutes (Eubacteria) have evolved regressively (i.e., by genome reduction) from gram-positive clostridia-like ancestors with a low GC content in DNA.