Query: NC_011899:948790 Halothermothrix orenii H 168, complete genome Lineage: Halothermothrix orenii; Halothermothrix; Halanaerobiaceae; Halanaerobiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Thermophillic halophile. Halothermothrix orenii H 168 was isolated from the sediment of a salt lake in Tunisia. This organism is a member of a group of anaerobic halophilic bacteria related to the Clostridia. This organism is a thermophile and therefore is able to grow in hot anaerobic saline environments.
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General Information: Causes bovine brucellosis. They are highly infectious, and can be spread through contact with infected animal products or through the air, making them a potential bioterrorism agent. Once the organism has entered the body, it can become intracellular, and enter the blood and lymphatic regions, multiplying inside phagocytes before eventually causing bacteremia (spread of bacteria through the blood). Once the organism has entered the body, it can become intracellular, and enter the blood and lymphatic regions, multiplying inside phagocytes before eventually causing bacteremia (spread of bacteria through the blood). Virulence may depend on a type IV secretion system which may promote intracellular growth by secreting important effector molecules. This organism was first noticed on the island of Malta by Dr. David Bruce during an epidemic among British soldiers. It is the primary cause of bovine brucellosis, which results in enormous (billions of dollars) economic losses due primarily to reproductive failure and food losses. In man, it causes undulant fever, a long debilitating disease that is treated by protracted administration of antibiotics.