Query: NC_011886:2696671 Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus A6, complete genome Lineage: Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus; Arthrobacter; Micrococcaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus A6 (DSM 12829) was isolated from soil at Fort Collins, Colorado, USA and is able to use 4-chlorophenol as a sole source of carbon and energy. This organism can degrade 4-chlorophenol in soil at temperatures ranging from 5 to 28 degrees C making it a good candidate for bioremediation. Arthrobacter chlorophenolicus can degrade high concentrations of para-substituted phenols, such as 4-chlorophenol and 4-nitrophenol and can survive under harsh conditions, such as cold temperature and during starvation in soil.
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General Information: This organism was first isolated from the soil in Vineland, New Jersey, although it is found worldwide. It is a large obligate aerobe that has one of the highest respiratory rates of any organism. Azotobacter vinelandii also produces a number of unusual nitrogenases which allow it to fix atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia, a compound it can then use as a nitrogen source. It protects the oxygen-sensitive nitrogenase enzymes through its high respiratory rate, which sequesters the nitrogenase complexes in an anoxic environment. This organism has a number of unusual characteristics. Under extreme environmental conditions, the cell will produce a cyst that is resistant to dessication and is surrounded by two capsular polysaccharide layers. This organism produces two industrially important polysaccharides, poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and alginate. PHB is a thermoplastic biopolymer, and alginate is used in the food industry. Alginate is also used by the pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa to infect the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients.