Query: NC_011745:3197584 Escherichia coli ED1a chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated in the 2000s from the faeces of a healthy man in France. This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: Bartonella grahamii (strain as4aup) is Gram-negative bacterium isolated from a wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) in central Sweden. Bartonella are human and animal pathogens which infect erythrocytes and can cause angiogenic lesions. These organisms cause diseases in humans such as Oroya fever, Trench fever, endocarditis, and Cat Scratch disease. Transmission of this organism is via the bite of a blood-sucking arthropod. Bartonella grahamii can be isolated from the blood of rodents and is found world wide. Fleas may be the transmission vector for Bartonella grahamii to other rodents. Human disease appears to be rare and associated with an immunocompromised state.