Query: NC_011745:3197584 Escherichia coli ED1a chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Isolated in the 2000s from the faeces of a healthy man in France. This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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Lineage: Finegoldia magna; Finegoldia; Clostridiales Family XI; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria
General Information: It is isolated most frequently from various infection sites, including soft tissue, bone and joint, and diabetic foot infections. This species, formerly Peptostreptococcus magnus, is a commensal bacterium colonizing human skin and mucous membranes. It has been shown to cause valve endocarditic in humans. Gram-positive anaerobic cocci (GPAC) are a major part of the normal human flora colonizing skin and mucous membranes of the mouth and gastrointestinal tracts. In GPAC, Finegoldia magna (formerly Peptostreptococcus magnus) has the highest pathogenicity and is isolated most frequently from various infection sites, including soft tissue, bone and joint, and diabetic foot infections.