Query: NC_011653:1616423 Thermosipho africanus TCF52B, complete genome Lineage: Thermosipho africanus; Thermosipho; Thermotogaceae; Thermotogales; Thermotogae; Bacteria General Information: This organism was isolated from the Troll oil formation in the North Sea. Thermosipho africanus, a member of the Thermotogales, has the characteristic morphology of one or more cells contained in a sheath-like envelope which extends beyond the cell wall. Preliminary sequencing of Thermotogales genomes has identified extensive horizontal gene transfer between these organisms and the Archaea. Thermosipho africanus has been isolated from marine hydrothermal systems and oil reservoir production waters.
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General Information: Causes pneumonia-like disease in mice. This genus currently comprises more than 120 obligate parasitic species found in a wide spectrum of hosts, including humans, animals, insects and plants. The primary habitats of human and animal mycoplasmas are mucous membranes of the respiratory and urogenital tracts, eyes, mammary glands and the joints. Infection that proceeds through attachment of the bacteria to the host cell via specialized surface proteins, adhesins, and subsequent invasion, results in prolonged intracellular persistence that may cause lethality. Once detected in association with their eukaryotic host tissue, most mycoplasmas can be cultivated in the absence of a host if their extremely fastidious growth requirements are met.