Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTN

Query: NC_010816:1319921 Bifidobacterium longum DJO10A, complete genome

Lineage: Bifidobacterium longum; Bifidobacterium; Bifidobacteriaceae; Bifidobacteriales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This organism is found in adult humans and formula fed infants as a normal component of gut flora. Representatives of this genus naturally colonize the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and are important for establishing and maintaining homeostasis of the intestinal ecosystem to allow for normal digestion. Their presence has been associated with beneficial health effects, such as prevention of diarrhea, amelioration of lactose intolerance, or immunomodulation. The stabilizing effect on GIT microflora is attributed to the capacity of bifidobacteria to produce bacteriocins, which are bacteriostatic agents with a broad spectrum of action, and to their pH-reducing activity. Most of the ~30 known species of bifidobacteria have been isolated from the mammalian GIT, and some from the vaginal and oral cavity. All are obligate anaerobes belonging to the Actinomycetales, branch of Gram-positive bacteria with high GC content that also includes Corynebacteria, Mycobacteria, and Streptomycetes.

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BLASTN Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_011988:1036618 Agrobacterium vitis S4 chromosome 2, complete genome

Lineage: Agrobacterium vitis; Agrobacterium; Rhizobiaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Agrobacterium vitis is the causative agent of crown gall disease in grapes. Agrobacterium are Gram-negative, motile, soil-dwelling plant pathogens with the species name given based on the disease phenotype associated with the bacteria. Disease causing Agrobacterium spp. possess a tumor-inducing (Ti) plasmid, which carries genes for the formation of opines. A segment of the Ti plasmid gets transferred to the plant cell and integrates into the host cell genome. The plant cell then starts synthesizing opines, which can be catabolized by Agrobacterium spp, but not by the plant cells.