Query: NC_010524:3445641 Leptothrix cholodnii SP-6, complete genome Lineage: Leptothrix cholodnii; Leptothrix; Comamonadaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Leptothrix cholodnii SP-6 was isolated from water and flocculent from an artificial iron seep in Ithaca, NY, USA. Leptothrix cholodnii, like other Leptothrix species is an iron- and manganese-oxidizing, sheathed bacterium common in organic rich aquatic environments. Iron oxides and manganese oxides often coat the sheathes of these organisms.
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General Information: Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Agona causes gastroenteritis in humans and is also pathogenic to swine and other food animals. This serovar is able to contain the Salmonella genomic island 1 multidrug resistance gene cluster. This group of Enterobactericiae have pathogenic characteristics and are one of the most common causes of enteric infections (food poisoning) worldwide. They were named after the scientist Dr. Daniel Salmon who isolated the first organism, Salmonella choleraesuis, from the intestine of a pig. The presence of several pathogenicity islands (PAIs) that encode various virulence factors allows Salmonella spp. to colonize and infect host organisms. There are two important PAIs, Salmonella pathogenicity island 1 and 2 (SPI-1 and SPI-2) that encode two different type III secretion systems for the delivery of effector molecules into the host cell that result in internalization of the bacteria which then leads to systemic spread.