Query: NC_010524:3445641 Leptothrix cholodnii SP-6, complete genome Lineage: Leptothrix cholodnii; Leptothrix; Comamonadaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Leptothrix cholodnii SP-6 was isolated from water and flocculent from an artificial iron seep in Ithaca, NY, USA. Leptothrix cholodnii, like other Leptothrix species is an iron- and manganese-oxidizing, sheathed bacterium common in organic rich aquatic environments. Iron oxides and manganese oxides often coat the sheathes of these organisms.
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General Information: This strain was enriched as a hydrocarbon-oxidizing chlorate-reducer from the Potomac River, Maryland, USA. This organism is the first one to have the capability of benzene oxidation in pure anaerobic culture by coupling it to nitrate reduction which is of importance due to the anaerobic environments often found in bioremediation projects. It can reduce perchlorate and chlorate to chloride. This organism may be used for bioremediation as it can oxidize aromatic hydrocarbon compounds, including benzene, in the absence of oxygen. Benzene is an important pollutant, and is used in many manufacturing processes and is a component of diesel fuel.