Query: NC_010473:2548946 Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. DH10B, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: This species was isolated from a microbial community colonizing the accessory nidamental gland of the squid Loligo peali (Atlantic squid) for their capacity to respire on sulfur. It was placed in the Shewanella genus based on physiological and biochemical characteristics and 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Shewanella are ubiquitous in marine environment and play very important role in global carbon and nitrogen cycle. The present strain is moderately halophilic, requiring sodium ions for growth. Shewanella are facultatively anaerobic, Gram-negative bacteria, motile by polar flagella, rod-like, and generally associated with aquatic or marine environments.