Query: NC_010337:1051425 Heliobacterium modesticaldum Ice1, complete genome Lineage: Heliobacterium modesticaldum; Heliobacterium; Heliobacteriaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Heliobacterium modesticaldum strain Ice1, the type strain of this species, was isolated from Icelandic hot spring volcanic soils. It grows optimally above 50 degrees Celsius, grows best photoheterotrophically, but can grow in the dark chemotrophically on pyruvate. Phototrophic thermophile. This organism is an anoxygenic phototroph isolated from hot spring microbial mats and volcanic soil. Cell wall structure, the ability to form endospores, and 16S ribosomal RNA analysis place Heliobacterium modesticaldum in a family of phototrophic bacteria related to the Clostridia. Heliobacterium modesticaldum is able to fix nitrogen and may contribute significantly to the nitrogen availability in microbial mats.
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General Information: Paenibacillus mucilaginosus is critical silicate bacteria in the biogeochemical cycling of potassium, phosphorus, and other soil elements, and is widely used in agriculture, bioleaching, and wastewater treatment. P. mucilaginosus is able to degrade insoluble soil minerals with the release of nutritional ions and fix nitrogen, and thus it has been successfully used as a biofertilizer since the 1990s. The exocellular polysaccharides produced by P. mucilaginosus is also an effective bioflocculant, and thus plays a potential role in the treatment of wastewater and biohydrometallurgy.