Query: NC_009831:1255995 Shewanella sediminis HAW-EB3, complete genome Lineage: Shewanella sediminis; Shewanella; Shewanellaceae; Alteromonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Shewanella sediminis was isolated from sediment taken at a depth of 215 meters from an unexploded-ordinance-dumping site 50 nautical miles from Halifax Harbor, Canada in the Atlantic Ocean. This organism is able to degrade hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) anaerobically at 10 degrees C. RDX is a member of a family of nitramine compounds which are used in the production of explosives. Shewanella are facultatively anaerobic, Gram-negative bacteria, motile by polar flagella, rod-like, and generally associated with aquatic or marine environments.
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General Information: While pathogenic on Arabidopsis thaliana, it is mainly characterized as causing bacterial speck disease on tomato plants, which has a large economic impact. This organism is mainly endophytic and is a poor colonizes of plant surfaces but can multiply within the host. Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. This species includes many plant pathogens of important crops, which makes it a model organism in plant pathology. Its natural environment is on the surface of plant leaves and it can withstand various stressful conditions, like rain, wind, UV radiation and drought. It can colonize plants in a non-pathogenic state and can rapidly take advantage of changing environmental conditions to induce disease in susceptible plants by shifting gene expression patterns.