Query: NC_009778:4188000 Enterobacter sakazakii ATCC BAA-894, complete genome Lineage: Cronobacter sakazakii; Cronobacter; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Causes septicemia and enterocolitis in infants. Cronobacter sakazakii formerly Enterobacter sakazakii, is associated with infant septicemia, meningitis, and necrotizing enterocolitis. Originally isolated from powdered formula, it has also been shown to compartmentalize cerebral ventricles and cause brain abcesses in neonates. This species produces a yellow pigment when grown at 30 degrees C, but this fades at 37 degrees C.
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General Information: Enterobacter species are found in natural environments such as water, sewage, soil, and vegetables; some species are found in human and animal species. Enterobacter cloacae is a prevalent nosocomial pathogen as it is highly resistant to disinfectants and antimicrobial agents. E.cloacae subsp. cloacae strain ATCC 13047 was isolated from human cerebrospinal fluid in 1890 and is the type strain. These "ICU bugs" cause significant morbidity and mortality, and infection management is complicated by multiple antibiotic resistance. These bacteria possess inducible beta-lactamases, which are undetectable in vitro but are also responsible for resistance during treatment.