Query: NC_009620:1531000 Sinorhizobium medicae WSM419 plasmid pSMED01, complete sequence Lineage: Sinorhizobium medicae; Sinorhizobium; Rhizobiaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Nitrogen-fixing soil bacterium. This species was isolated from Medicago truncatula, where it forms nitrogen-fixing root nodules. Effective nitrogen fixing, aerobic microsymbiont of a diverse range of annual Medicago (medic) species. Has saprophytic competence and acid tolerance properties. Isolated in 1981 from a nodule recovered from the roots of an annual medic (Medicago murex) growing south of Tempio in Sardinia.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from an iron-rich microbial mat from School Street Marsh in Woods Hole, MA, USA. It grows photoautotrophically with Fe(II), H2, or thiosulfate as the electron donor, photoheterotrophically with a variety of organic carbon sources and chemoheterotrophically in the dark. This organism has a diverse metabolism and is capable of growth using light, inorganic, or organic compounds as energy sources and carbon dioxide or organic compounds as carbon sources. Commonly found in soil and water environments this bacterium is also capable of degrading a wide range of toxic organic compounds, and may be of use in bioremediation of polluted sites. The bacterium undergoes differentiation to produce a stalked nonmotile cell and a motile flagellated cell. In the presence of light, this bacterium produces a number of intracellular membranous vesicles to house the photosynthetic reaction centers.