Query: NC_009485:3579323 Bradyrhizobium sp. BTAi1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Bradyrhizobium; Bradyrhizobium; Bradyrhizobiaceae; Rhizobiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism is a photosynthetic rhizobium that is also capable of nitrogen-fixation, the first such example of such an organism. It can form nodules on the legume Aeschynomene indica and was isolated from this plant at the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research in Ithaca, NY. It can form stem and root nodules. The photosynthetic reaction centers are similar to those found in purple photosynthetic bacteria and this microbe aids the plant in carbon metabolism and nitrogen metabolism.
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General Information: Plant symbiont bacterium. This organism contains a symbiosis island that is responsible for symbiotic relationships with plants (lotus) which is similar to what is observed with other Rhizobia that form similar relationships with legumes. The bacterium enters root nodules and performs nitrogen-fixation for the plant cell while being provided with a protective environment to grow in. Nitrogen fixation and root nodule formation genes are carried on a symbiosis island.