Query: NC_009484:2442923 Acidiphilium cryptum JF-5 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Acidiphilium cryptum; Acidiphilium; Acetobacteraceae; Rhodospirillales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Acidiphilium cryptum strain JF-5 was isolated under iron-reducing conditions from coal mine lake sediment and is able to grow by coupling the reduction of iron to the oxidation of glucose. Iron-reducing acidophile. Acidiphilium cryptum was first isolated from a supposedly pure culture of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans. This organism, a heterotrophic acidophile, has been isolated from acid mine drainage, hydrothermal vent water, and other acidic mineral environments.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from an iron-rich microbial mat from School Street Marsh in Woods Hole, MA, USA. It grows photoautotrophically with Fe(II), H2, or thiosulfate as the electron donor, photoheterotrophically with a variety of organic carbon sources and chemoheterotrophically in the dark. This organism has a diverse metabolism and is capable of growth using light, inorganic, or organic compounds as energy sources and carbon dioxide or organic compounds as carbon sources. Commonly found in soil and water environments this bacterium is also capable of degrading a wide range of toxic organic compounds, and may be of use in bioremediation of polluted sites. The bacterium undergoes differentiation to produce a stalked nonmotile cell and a motile flagellated cell. In the presence of light, this bacterium produces a number of intracellular membranous vesicles to house the photosynthetic reaction centers.