Query: NC_009454:1042592 Pelotomaculum thermopropionicum SI, complete genome Lineage: Pelotomaculum thermopropionicum; Pelotomaculum; Peptococcaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This type strain was isolated from granular sludge from a thermophilic upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. It was isolated both in pure culture and in co-culture with methanogens. In syntrophic association with hydrogenotrophic methanogens, this species can utilize propionate, ethanol, lactate, ethylene glycol, 1-butanol, 1-propanol, 1-pentanol and 1,3-propanediol. This is the first mesophilic, syntropic propionate-oxidizing species known which is not a member of the delta-proteobacteria.
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General Information: This is the type strain of C. efficiens isolated by researchers of Ajinomoto food company from soils at Kanagawa, Japan in the late 1980's. The strain can grow and produce glutamate at temperatures above up to 45oC in contrast to C. glutamicum that is only efficient at around 30oC. This feature is very beneficial for industrial applications, because less heat removal is required in fermenters to be used for cultivation of these bacteria. Glutamate-producing bacterium. They may be found as members of the normal microflora of humans, where these bacteria find a suitable niche in virtually every anatomic site. This organism is a recently proposed new species of the genus capable of producing significant quantities of glutamic acid (glutamate), an important enhancer of taste in the food industry. It is currently used commercially to produce glutamate and other amino acids and compounds.