Query: NC_008825:2525380 Methylibium petroleiphilum PM1, complete genome Lineage: Methylibium petroleiphilum; Methylibium; ; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Methylibium petroleiphilum strain PM1 (ATCC BAA-1232) was isolated in 1998 from the biofilter of a treatment plant in an oil refinery in Los Angeles, California, USA. Strain PM1 is capable of degrading aromatic compounds such as benzene, toluene and xylenes. Methyl tertiary-butyl ether-degrading bacterium. Methylibium petroleiphilum is a methylotroph (able to utilize reduced one-carbon compounds) able to degrade methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) under aerobic conditions. MTBE is a gasoline additive used as an oxygenate and to raise the octane number.
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General Information: This strain was isolated from a polluted creek in Urbana, Illinois, USA by enrichment culture with ethylbenzyne as a sole source of carbon and energy. Its ability to degrade several different compounds including benzene, toluene, and ethylbenzene makes this species useful in the bioremediation of sites contaminated with multiple aromatic hydrocarbons. Underground gasoline tanks which have developed leaks can contaminate soil and water with a variety of these compounds. Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. As they are metabolically versatile, and well characterized, it makes them great candidates for biocatalysis, bioremediation and other agricultural applications. Certain strains have been used in the production of bioplastics.