Query: NC_008825:2525380 Methylibium petroleiphilum PM1, complete genome Lineage: Methylibium petroleiphilum; Methylibium; ; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Methylibium petroleiphilum strain PM1 (ATCC BAA-1232) was isolated in 1998 from the biofilter of a treatment plant in an oil refinery in Los Angeles, California, USA. Strain PM1 is capable of degrading aromatic compounds such as benzene, toluene and xylenes. Methyl tertiary-butyl ether-degrading bacterium. Methylibium petroleiphilum is a methylotroph (able to utilize reduced one-carbon compounds) able to degrade methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) under aerobic conditions. MTBE is a gasoline additive used as an oxygenate and to raise the octane number.
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General Information: This strain was derived from a pathogenic strain (8.1b) isolated in 1992 in France that had come from infected twigs derived from the sweet orange strain Valencia in Brazil in the same year. This organism was first identified in 1993 as the causal agent of citrus variegated chlorosis, a disease that affects varieties of sweet oranges. Other strains of this species cause a range of diseases in mulberry, pear, almond, elm, sycamore, oak, maple, pecan and coffee which collectively result in multimillion dollar devastation of economically important plants. Xylella fastidiosa is similar to Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in that it produces a wide variety of pathogenic factors for colonization in a host-specific manner including a large number of fimbrial and afimbrial adhesins for attachment. It does not contain a type III secretion system, but possesses genes for a type II secretion system for export of exoenzymes that degrade the plant cell wall and allow the bacterium to colonize the plant xylem.