Query: NC_008553:1809780 Methanosaeta thermophila PT, complete genome Lineage: Methanosaeta thermophila; Methanosaeta; Methanosaetaceae; Methanosarcinales; Euryarchaeota; Archaea General Information: This thermophilic strain (PT; DSM 6194) was isolated from anaerobic digester sludge and is the type strain for the species. Produces methane from acetate. Methanosaeta thermophila is a thermophilic methanogen found widely distributed in the environment. This organism can metabolize acetate into methane and may be useful as a producer of biofuels.
- Sequence; - BLASTN hit (Low score = Light, High score = Dark) - hypothetical protein; - cds: hover for description
General Information: This organism was first isolated from the soil in Vineland, New Jersey, although it is found worldwide. It is a large obligate aerobe that has one of the highest respiratory rates of any organism. Azotobacter vinelandii also produces a number of unusual nitrogenases which allow it to fix atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia, a compound it can then use as a nitrogen source. It protects the oxygen-sensitive nitrogenase enzymes through its high respiratory rate, which sequesters the nitrogenase complexes in an anoxic environment. This organism has a number of unusual characteristics. Under extreme environmental conditions, the cell will produce a cyst that is resistant to dessication and is surrounded by two capsular polysaccharide layers. This organism produces two industrially important polysaccharides, poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and alginate. PHB is a thermoplastic biopolymer, and alginate is used in the food industry. Alginate is also used by the pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa to infect the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients.