Query: NC_008346:410940 Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei str. Goettingen, complete Lineage: Syntrophomonas wolfei; Syntrophomonas; Syntrophomonadaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Syntrophomonas wolfeisubsp. wolfei str. Goettingen (DSM 2245B) was isolated from anaerobic digestor sludge. Fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. This organism is an anaerobic syntrophic fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. It is the only bacterium known to produce energy from anaerobic degradation of saturated four to eight carbon fatty acids with protons serving as the electron acceptor. The cells have an unusual multilayered gram-negative cell wall. Syntrophomonas wolfei grows in coculture with Methanospirillum hungatei and can be isolated from anaerobic environments such as aquatic sediment or sewage digestor sludge.
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General Information: This strain has been developed for worldwide commercial use to control crown gall. This species is used commercially to control crown gall, a tumorogenic plant disease caused by the ubiquitous soil-borne pathogen Agrobacterium tumefaciens, which affects susceptible woody plants worldwide. The pathogen is responsible for nursery and orchard losses among stone fruit trees, grapes, apples, pears, nut trees, caneberries, clematis, hops, kiwifruit, persimmons, roses and many ornamental annuals, trees and shrubs. Infected plants are usually weakened and unproductive due to their damaged root system.