Query: NC_008346:410940 Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei str. Goettingen, complete Lineage: Syntrophomonas wolfei; Syntrophomonas; Syntrophomonadaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Syntrophomonas wolfeisubsp. wolfei str. Goettingen (DSM 2245B) was isolated from anaerobic digestor sludge. Fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. This organism is an anaerobic syntrophic fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. It is the only bacterium known to produce energy from anaerobic degradation of saturated four to eight carbon fatty acids with protons serving as the electron acceptor. The cells have an unusual multilayered gram-negative cell wall. Syntrophomonas wolfei grows in coculture with Methanospirillum hungatei and can be isolated from anaerobic environments such as aquatic sediment or sewage digestor sludge.
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General Information: Lawsonia intracellularis PHE/MN1-00 was isolated from intestinal mucosal lesions in pigs that had proliferative enteropathy (PE). When introduced into health pigs, this organism produced the clinical and histological signs of PE. Causative agent for proliferative enteropathy in swine. This organism causes proliferative enteropathy (ileitis) in swine and other domesticated animals resulting in severe losses each year. This obligate intracellular pathogen infects the mucosa of the lower intestinal tract by initially infecting crypt cells, which are precursors that normally grow and divide in order to replace the epithelial cells. Once infection occurs, the crypt cells are stimulated to grow and divide abnormally, resulting in the proliferative phenotype. In severe cases of the disease the entire bowel can become affected and persist for up to 40 days, greatly affecting the host animal.