Query: NC_008346:410940 Syntrophomonas wolfei subsp. wolfei str. Goettingen, complete Lineage: Syntrophomonas wolfei; Syntrophomonas; Syntrophomonadaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: Syntrophomonas wolfeisubsp. wolfei str. Goettingen (DSM 2245B) was isolated from anaerobic digestor sludge. Fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. This organism is an anaerobic syntrophic fatty acid-oxidizing bacterium. It is the only bacterium known to produce energy from anaerobic degradation of saturated four to eight carbon fatty acids with protons serving as the electron acceptor. The cells have an unusual multilayered gram-negative cell wall. Syntrophomonas wolfei grows in coculture with Methanospirillum hungatei and can be isolated from anaerobic environments such as aquatic sediment or sewage digestor sludge.
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General Information: Bacterium that undergoes asymmetric cell division and differentiation. Caulobacter vibroides, also known as Caulobacter crescentus, inhabits aquatic environments and plays an important part in biogeochemical cycling of organic nutrients. This bacterium undergoes an unusual developmental cycle in which a swarming motile cell becomes a stalked cell that is attached to a solid surface. The stalked cell then undergoes asymmetric cell division and produces one flagellated motile daughter cell and one stalked daughter cell. Thus, the asymmetric processes in this organism provide useful models for differentiation and development. This organism also contains a number of energy-dependent transport system, presumably enabling growth in the substrate-sparse aquatic environments that it lives in.