Query: NC_008344:1 Nitrosomonas eutropha C91, complete genome Lineage: Nitrosomonas eutropha; Nitrosomonas; Nitrosomonadaceae; Nitrosomonadales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Nitrosomonas eutropha C91 was isolated from a sewage disposal plant in Chicago. Ammonia-oxidizing bacterium. This species consists of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria that catalyze the oxidation of ammonia to nitrite and contribute to the global cycling of nitrogen (a process called nitrification). This obligate chemolithoautotroph is studied for that reason.
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General Information: Isolated from a case of meningitis. Causes opportunistic infections in hospitals. This bacterium is commonly isolated from the hospital environment and hospitalized patients. It is an aquatic organism, and is often cultured from liquid medical samples such as respiratory secretions, wounds, and urine. Acinetobacter also colonizes irrigating solutions and intravenous solutions. Although it has low virulence, it is capable of causing infection. Most isolates recovered from patients represent colonization rather than infection. When infections do occur, they usually occur in the blood, or in organs with a high fluid content, such as the lungs or urinary tract. Infections by this organism are becoming increasingly problematic due to the high number of resistance genes found in clinical isolates. Some strains are now resistant to all known antibiotics. Most of these genes appear to have been transferred horizontally from other organisms.