Query: NC_008340:362000 Alkalilimnicola ehrlichei MLHE-1, complete genome Lineage: Alkalilimnicola ehrlichii; Alkalilimnicola; Ectothiorhodospiraceae; Chromatiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This chemoautotrophic strain was isolated from Mono Lake in California, which contains arsenic and has high pH and salt concentrations. Arsenite-oxidizing bacterium. Alkalilimnicola ehrlichei is capable of growth with arsenite [As(III)] as the electron donor with nitrate as electron acceptor. It may be responsible for production of arsenate [As(V)] in anoxic lake bottom.
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General Information: This symbiotic and thermophilic bacterium was discovered by screening for thermostable tryptanophases in Japanese compost. Cultured growth of this organism requires the presence of another bacterial species, such as a Bacillus or Escherichia coli, which provides diffusable metabolites required for its growth. Pure cultures can be obtained by growing Symbiobacterium thermophilum in a bioreactor, separated from its symbiotic counterpart by a dialysis membrane. Because of its symbiotic nature, it cannot be cultured with conventional methods. Despite a negative reaction for gram stain, this species is placed with the gram-positive bacteria based on 16s phylogenetic analysis.