Query: NC_008340:1241300 Alkalilimnicola ehrlichei MLHE-1, complete genome Lineage: Alkalilimnicola ehrlichii; Alkalilimnicola; Ectothiorhodospiraceae; Chromatiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This chemoautotrophic strain was isolated from Mono Lake in California, which contains arsenic and has high pH and salt concentrations. Arsenite-oxidizing bacterium. Alkalilimnicola ehrlichei is capable of growth with arsenite [As(III)] as the electron donor with nitrate as electron acceptor. It may be responsible for production of arsenate [As(V)] in anoxic lake bottom.
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General Information: Obligately chemolithoautotrophic, haloalkaliphilic, mesophilic, microaerophilic and sulfur-oxidizing bacterium. Uses CO2 as a carbon source and reduced inorganic sulfur compounds as an energy source. Utilizes ammonium and urea, but not nitrate or nitrite, as a N-source. Isolated from a full-scale Thiopaq bioreactor in the Netherlands used to remove H2S from biogas. Thioalkalivibrio species are commonly isolated from soda lakes and tend to dominate the microbial community of hypersaline soda lakes. These organisms have a pH optimum of 10 and are able to oxidize hydrogen sulfide to elemental sulfur. Thioalkalivibrio species have also been isolated from sulfide oxidizing bioreactors which remove sulfide from refinery and natural gas.