Query: NC_007963:3225306 Chromohalobacter salexigens DSM 3043, complete genome Lineage: Chromohalobacter salexigens; Chromohalobacter; Halomonadaceae; Oceanospirillales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Chromohalobacter salexigens DSM 3043 was first isolated from a solar salt facility on Bonaire Island, Netherlands Antilles. A moderate halophile which can grow on a variety of salts. This bacterium is a moderate halophile, yet does not require high concentrations of sodium chloride. The salt requirements of this organism can be met by ions of other salts, such as potassium, rubidium, ammonium, bromide. Several plasmids have been isolated from this organism. Plasmid pMH1 contains genes for resistance to kanamycin, neomycin, and tetracycline. A smaller plasmid, pHE1, which does not code for antibiotic resistance genes, has also been isolated.
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General Information: Environment: Fresh water; Temp: Mesophile. This is the first cultured species of the proposed new genus "Desulfurispirillum", and the sequencing of its genome will expand the range of experimental approaches that researchers can use to characterize its metabolic pathways for energy production and understand how these pathways are regulated. This organism is notable for its ability to reduce selenate to selenite and further to insoluble elemental selenium, in a process called dissimilatory selenate reduction.