Query: NC_007947:577315 Methylobacillus flagellatus KT, complete genome Lineage: Methylobacillus flagellatus; Methylobacillus; Methylophilaceae; Methylophilales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain was isolated from activated sludge found at the wastewater treatment plant in Moscow, Russia and is the fastest growing methylotroph discovered. Methanol-degrading bacterium. Methylobacillus flagellatus is a methylotroph, able to grow on compounds such as methanol and methyamines. These organisms play a role in the environmental cycling of carbon and nitrogen.
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General Information: This organism, like other myxobacteria, undergoes a complex development and differentiation pathway. When cell density increases, the organism switches to "social motility" where aggregates of cells can gather together into masses termed fruiting bodies that may consist of up to 100 000 cells. The motility system is not dependent on flagella like most bacteria, but instead relies on twitching pili: short extracellular appendages that may function analogously to oars in a rowboat. The myxobacteria have proved to be a rich source of novel natural products. Myxococcus fulvus produces a number of antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic substances which are being studies for therapeutic applications.