Query: NC_007759:2315490 Syntrophus aciditrophicus SB, complete genome Lineage: Syntrophus aciditrophicus; Syntrophus; Syntrophaceae; Syntrophobacterales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Syntrophus aciditrophicus SB was isolated from sludge from a sewage treatment plant in Norman, Oklahoma, USA. Syntrophic benzoate-oxidizing bacterium. Syntrophus aciditrophicus is able to ferment benzoate when grown in co-culture with hydrogen-consuming methanogens (syntrophic metabolism).
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General Information: This organism, like other myxobacteria, undergoes a complex development and differentiation pathway. When cell density increases, the organism switches to "social motility" where aggregates of cells can gather together into masses termed fruiting bodies that may consist of up to 100 000 cells. The motility system is not dependent on flagella like most bacteria, but instead relies on twitching pili: short extracellular appendages that may function analogously to oars in a rowboat. The myxobacteria have proved to be a rich source of novel natural products. Myxococcus fulvus produces a number of antibacterial, antifungal and cytotoxic substances which are being studies for therapeutic applications.