Query: NC_007520:2391675 Thiomicrospira crunogena XCL-2, complete genome Lineage: Thiomicrospira crunogena; Thiomicrospira; Piscirickettsiaceae; Thiotrichales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism is a colorless sulfur-oxidizing bacterium isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent. Sulfur-oxidizing bacterium. Thiomicrospira crunogena is a chemoautotroph commonly isolated from deep sea and shallow-water hydrothermal vents. This organism uses the oxidation of reduced sulfur compounds (thiosulfate, sulfide and sulfur) to generate the energy necessary to fix carbon and plays an important role in the cycling of sulfur in the marine environment.
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General Information: This strain was collected off Hatsushima island in Sagami Bay, Japan. Calyptogena okutanii (deep-sea clam) thioautotrophic gill symbiont. The bivalve marine species Calyptogena okutanii depends on sulfur-oxidizing symbiotic bacteria housed in its gill tissues for its sole nutritional support. The symbiont is transmitted vertically between generations via the clam's eggs. This anaerobic symbiosis oxidizes hydrogen sulfide as an energy source and fixes carbon dioxide into organic compounds.