Query: NC_007484:1229899 Nitrosococcus oceani ATCC 19707, complete genome Lineage: Nitrosococcus oceani; Nitrosococcus; Chromatiaceae; Chromatiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Found in marine or saline environments. Ammonia-oxidizing bacterium. This species, along with Nitrosococcus halophilus, are ammonia-oxidizing bacteria found within the gamma subdivision of Proteobacteria. This organism has two surface layers, and produces a central stack of intracytoplasmic membranes (flattened vesicles).
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General Information: This genus is a group of insect pathogens which live in a mutualistic relationship with the soil nematode family, Steinernematidae. Free-living, juvenile Steinernema spp. enter insect larvae through the digestive tract. They penetrate the larvae body cavity and release Xenorhabdus spp. into the hemolymph (blood). The bacteria multiply rapidly, killing the larvae, and providing suitable nutrient conditions for the growth and reproduction of the Steinernema spp. The nematode matures and reproduces. The new juveniles reassociate with Xenorhabdus spp. and are released into the soil. Unlike Xenorhabdus bovienii, which is found in different Steinernema spp., Xenorhabdus nematophila is associated specifically with Steinernema carpocapsae and can be used as a model for studying host specificity.