Query: NC_007484:1229899 Nitrosococcus oceani ATCC 19707, complete genome Lineage: Nitrosococcus oceani; Nitrosococcus; Chromatiaceae; Chromatiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Found in marine or saline environments. Ammonia-oxidizing bacterium. This species, along with Nitrosococcus halophilus, are ammonia-oxidizing bacteria found within the gamma subdivision of Proteobacteria. This organism has two surface layers, and produces a central stack of intracytoplasmic membranes (flattened vesicles).
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General Information: This strain was isolated from a polluted creek in Urbana, Illinois, USA by enrichment culture with ethylbenzyne as a sole source of carbon and energy. Its ability to degrade several different compounds including benzene, toluene, and ethylbenzene makes this species useful in the bioremediation of sites contaminated with multiple aromatic hydrocarbons. Underground gasoline tanks which have developed leaks can contaminate soil and water with a variety of these compounds. Bacteria belonging to the Pseudomonas group are common inhabitants of soil and water and can also be found on the surfaces of plants and animals. Pseudomonas bacteria are found in nature in a biofilm or in planktonic form. Pseudomonas bacteria are renowned for their metabolic versatility as they can grow under a variety of growth conditions and do not need any organic growth factors. As they are metabolically versatile, and well characterized, it makes them great candidates for biocatalysis, bioremediation and other agricultural applications. Certain strains have been used in the production of bioplastics.