Query: NC_006513:1949751 Azoarcus sp. EbN1, complete genome Lineage: Aromatoleum aromaticum; Aromatoleum; Rhodocyclaceae; Rhodocyclales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: First isolated from sediment contaminated with ethylbenzene, this organism is capable of growing on crude oil, using polar aromatic compounds such as benzoate under both oxic and anoxic conditions. It is currently being evaluated for use in aromatic hydrocarbon bioremediation projects. Aromatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium. Capable of metabolizing various aromatic hydrocarbons, including toluene and ethylbenzene and may be of use in bioremediation.
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General Information: This organism was first isolated from the soil in Vineland, New Jersey, although it is found worldwide. It is a large obligate aerobe that has one of the highest respiratory rates of any organism. Azotobacter vinelandii also produces a number of unusual nitrogenases which allow it to fix atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia, a compound it can then use as a nitrogen source. It protects the oxygen-sensitive nitrogenase enzymes through its high respiratory rate, which sequesters the nitrogenase complexes in an anoxic environment. This organism has a number of unusual characteristics. Under extreme environmental conditions, the cell will produce a cyst that is resistant to dessication and is surrounded by two capsular polysaccharide layers. This organism produces two industrially important polysaccharides, poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and alginate. PHB is a thermoplastic biopolymer, and alginate is used in the food industry. Alginate is also used by the pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa to infect the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients.