Query: NC_006350:845513 Burkholderia pseudomallei K96243 chromosome 1, complete sequence Lineage: Burkholderia pseudomallei; Burkholderia; Burkholderiaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain was a clinical isolate from Thailand. The genome of this organism carries many genomic islands as compared to the related organism B. mallei, suggesting extensive horizontal transfer. Opportunistic pathogen. This species is an opportunistic pathogen and can cause pneumonia, bacteremia, and melioidosis. It is normally found in terrestrial environments and has been recovered from rice paddies and moist tropical soil. It is endemic in Asia and Australia, but can be found in other parts of the world. The organism can exist intracellularly and can spread through the bloodstream (bacteremia).
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General Information: This strain differs from other isolates based on the combination of its ability to use 2,5-dichlorophenol and its inability to use nitrate as a strong electron acceptor. It can also dechlorinate 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol much faster than other isolates. Can dehalogenate chlorinated phenols. This anaerobic species was originally isolated by enrichment and isolation of single plate-grown colonies, and was the first pure culture of myxobacteria able to grow anaerobically.