Query: NC_006177:3549467 Symbiobacterium thermophilum IAM 14863, complete genome Lineage: Symbiobacterium thermophilum; Symbiobacterium; Shewanellaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria General Information: This symbiotic and thermophilic bacterium was discovered by screening for thermostable tryptanophases in Japanese compost. Cultured growth of this organism requires the presence of another bacterial species, such as a Bacillus or Escherichia coli, which provides diffusable metabolites required for its growth. Pure cultures can be obtained by growing Symbiobacterium thermophilum in a bioreactor, separated from its symbiotic counterpart by a dialysis membrane. Because of its symbiotic nature, it cannot be cultured with conventional methods. Despite a negative reaction for gram stain, this species is placed with the gram-positive bacteria based on 16s phylogenetic analysis.
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General Information: Country: USA; Environment: Sludge, Fresh water; Isolation: Industrial sludge contaminated; Temp: Mesophile; Temp: 30C. Pseudonocardia members are abundant in diverse environments, and are known to degrade a variety of pollutants. These bacteria are also important in biocatalysis applications and in the production of antibiotics. Pseudonocardia dioxanivorans was first isolated from 1,4-dioxane containing sludge. This organism is able to grow using 1,4-dioxane, a toxic compound used as an industrial solvent, as the sole carbon source.