Query: NC_006138:23902 Desulfotalea psychrophila LSv54, complete genome Lineage: Desulfotalea psychrophila; Desulfotalea; Desulfobulbaceae; Desulfobacterales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was isolated from marine sediments off of the coast of Svalbard, and can grow at temperatures as low as -1.7 degrees C. Sulfate-reducing bacterium. This organism grows on more complex organic compounds such as acetate, propionate, butyrate, lactate as well as by using simpler compounds such as hydrogen. This organism is an important part of global biogeochemical cycling of carbon and other nutrients.
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General Information: Obligately chemolithoautotrophic, haloalkaliphilic, mesophilic, microaerophilic and sulfur-oxidizing bacterium. Uses CO2 as a carbon source and reduced inorganic sulfur compounds as an energy source. Utilizes ammonium and urea, but not nitrate or nitrite, as a N-source. Isolated from a full-scale Thiopaq bioreactor in the Netherlands used to remove H2S from biogas. Thioalkalivibrio species are commonly isolated from soda lakes and tend to dominate the microbial community of hypersaline soda lakes. These organisms have a pH optimum of 10 and are able to oxidize hydrogen sulfide to elemental sulfur. Thioalkalivibrio species have also been isolated from sulfide oxidizing bioreactors which remove sulfide from refinery and natural gas.