Query: NC_005125:3420270 Gloeobacter violaceus PCC 7421, complete genome Lineage: Gloeobacter violaceus; Gloeobacter; ; Gloeobacterales; Cyanobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was isolated from a calcereous (chalky) rock in Switzerland. Photosynthetic bacterium. This organism is an obligate photoautotroph that lacks thylakoid membranes and probably has its photosynthetic machinery in the cytoplasmic membrane with various components exposed to the periplasm whereas in other cyanobacteria the components are situated in the thylakoid membrane and are exposed to the cytoplasm. This unusual arrangement may be due to the lack of various fatty acids that are found in the thylakoid membrane in other cyanobacteria. It has been predicted that this organism was one of the earliest to diverge from the cyanobacterial line.
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General Information: This strain (2CP-1; ATCC BAA-258) is the type strain for the species and was isolated from stream sediment near Lansing, Mich., USA. This anaerobic species was originally isolated by enrichment and isolation of single plate-grown colonies, and was the first pure culture of myxobacteria able to grow anaerobically. The unique physiological characteristics of this organism include the ability to use ortho-substituted mono- and dichlorinated phenols, nitrate, H2 and fumarate as terminal electron acceptors.