Query: NC_005085:4499500 Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472, complete genome Lineage: Chromobacterium violaceum; Chromobacterium; Chromobacteriaceae; Neisseriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472 was isolated from freshwater in Malaya. Common tropical soil bacterium. This facultative organism is an abundant environmental bacterium that lives in tropical and subtropical regions in the soil and water. It has exploitable properties including the ability to produce a bactericidal purple pigment, violacein, as well as the ability to produce a bioplastic and to biologically solubilize gold from the environment. It is occasionally pathogenic in immunocompromised individuals or children where it may cause diarrhea, but sometimes causes septicemia and is at times fatal.
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General Information: Causative agent of bacterial ring rot. Isolated from infected potato. This organism was first described and classified in 1914 as "Bacterium sepedonicus" and is considered a major plant pathogen. It is a phytopathogenic actinomycete that causes wilt and tuber rot in potato, which is a plant vascular disease with very high bacterial titers. Pathogenicity is believed to be associated with the presence of two plasmids, pCSL1 and pCSL2. This species is subdivided into five subspecies: michiganensis, sepedonicus, nebraskensis, tesselarius and insidiosus each of which infects specific hosts: tomato, potato, corn, wheat and alfalfa, respectively. Members of the Clavibacter genus are known to produce antimicrobial compounds.