Query: NC_005085:4499500 Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472, complete genome Lineage: Chromobacterium violaceum; Chromobacterium; Chromobacteriaceae; Neisseriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472 was isolated from freshwater in Malaya. Common tropical soil bacterium. This facultative organism is an abundant environmental bacterium that lives in tropical and subtropical regions in the soil and water. It has exploitable properties including the ability to produce a bactericidal purple pigment, violacein, as well as the ability to produce a bioplastic and to biologically solubilize gold from the environment. It is occasionally pathogenic in immunocompromised individuals or children where it may cause diarrhea, but sometimes causes septicemia and is at times fatal.
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General Information: This strain (UTI89) is a uropathogenic strain isolated from a woman with uncomplicated cystitis (bladder inflammation) that has been demonstrated to cause cystitis in a murine urinary tract infection model. This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.