Query: NC_005085:4499500 Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472, complete genome Lineage: Chromobacterium violaceum; Chromobacterium; Chromobacteriaceae; Neisseriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472 was isolated from freshwater in Malaya. Common tropical soil bacterium. This facultative organism is an abundant environmental bacterium that lives in tropical and subtropical regions in the soil and water. It has exploitable properties including the ability to produce a bactericidal purple pigment, violacein, as well as the ability to produce a bioplastic and to biologically solubilize gold from the environment. It is occasionally pathogenic in immunocompromised individuals or children where it may cause diarrhea, but sometimes causes septicemia and is at times fatal.
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General Information: This strain differs from other isolates based on the combination of its ability to use 2,5-dichlorophenol and its inability to use nitrate as a strong electron acceptor. It can also dechlorinate 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol much faster than other isolates. Can dehalogenate chlorinated phenols. This anaerobic species was originally isolated by enrichment and isolation of single plate-grown colonies, and was the first pure culture of myxobacteria able to grow anaerobically.