Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTN

Query: NC_003888:3138905 Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), complete genome

Lineage: Streptomyces coelicolor; Streptomyces; Streptomycetaceae; Actinomycetales; Actinobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: Well-studied antiobiotic-producing bacterium. These bacteria are widely distributed in nature, especially in the soil. The characteristic earthy smell of freshly plowed soil is actually attributed to the aromatic terpenoid geosmin produced by species of Streptomyces. There are currently 364 known species of this genus, many of which are the most important industrial producers of antibiotics and other secondary metabolites of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and antitumor nature, as well as immunosuppressants, antihypercholesterolemics, etc. Streptomycetes are crucial in the soil environment because their diverse metabolism allows them to degrade the insoluble remains of other organisms, including recalcitrant compounds such as lignocelluloses and chitin. Streptomycetes produce both substrate and aerial mycelium. The latter shows characteristic modes of branching, and in the course of the streptomycete complex life cycle, these hyphae are partly transformed into chains of spores, which are often called conidia or arthrospores. An important feature in Streptomyces is the presence of type-I peptidoglycan in the cell walls that contains characteristic interpeptide glycine bridges. Another remarkable trait of streptomycetes is that they contain very large (~8 million base pairs which is about twice the size of most bacterial genomes) linear chromosomes with distinct telomeres. These rearrangements consist of the deletion of several hundred kilobases, often associated with the amplification of an adjacent sequence, and lead to metabolic diversity within the Streptomyces group. Sequencing of several strains of Streptomyces is aimed partly on understanding the mechanisms involved in these diversification processes. This bacterium is a soil-dwelling filamentous organism responsible for producing more than half of the known natural antibiotics. It is a well-studied species of Streptomyces and genetically is the best known representative.

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Subject: NC_014314:238043 Dehalogenimonas lykanthroporepellens BL-DC-9 chromosome, complete

Lineage: Dehalogenimonas lykanthroporepellens; Dehalogenimonas; ; Dehalococcoidales; Chloroflexi; Bacteria

General Information: Dehalogenimonas lykanthroporepellens BL-DC-9 is a strictly anaerobic, reductively dechlorinating Gram-negative bacterium isolated from groundwater at a superfund (law designs to clean up sites contaminated with hazardous substances) site located near Baton Rouge, USA, in an area contaminated by high concentrations of several chlorinated alkanes and alkenes. Dehalogenimonas lykanthroporepellens is able to reductively dehalogenate polychlorinated alkanes such as 1,2,3-trichloropropane and 1,2-dichloroethane.