Query: NC_002978:200878 Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila melanogaster, complete genome Lineage: Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila melanogaster; Wolbachia; Anaplasmataceae; Rickettsiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila melanogaster. Fruitfly endosymbiont. This group of bacteria are associated with a variety of invertebrate species, some as pathogens, some in a symbiotic or other type of relationship. Typically these organisms are transmitted maternally from mother to daughter transovarially (through the egg) although these bacteria can affect their hosts reproductive capabilities in order to enhance transmission. The net outcome is the increase of hosts carrying the bacteria in the next generation, thereby increasing transmission. Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila melanogaster is an obligate intracellular endosymbiont of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster.
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General Information: Pathogen of goats. This genus currently comprises more than 120 obligate parasitic species found in a wide spectrum of hosts, including humans, animals, insects and plants. The primary habitats of human and animal mycoplasmas are mucous membranes of the respiratory and urogenital tracts, eyes, mammary glands and the joints. Infection that proceeds through attachment of the bacteria to the host cell via specialized surface proteins, adhesins, and subsequent invasion, results in prolonged intracellular persistence that may cause lethality. Once detected in association with their eukaryotic host tissue, most mycoplasmas can be cultivated in the absence of a host if their extremely fastidious growth requirements are met.