Pre_GI: SWBIT SVG BLASTN

Query: NC_002927:383760 Bordetella bronchiseptica RB50, complete genome

Lineage: Bordetella bronchiseptica; Bordetella; Alcaligenaceae; Burkholderiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria

General Information: This strain was isolated from a rabbit. Causes a respiratory illness in animals. This group of organisms is capable of invading the respiratory tract of animals and causing severe diseases. They express a number of virulence factors in order to do this including filamentous hemagglutinins for attachment, cytotoxins, and proteins that form a type III secretion system for transport of effector molecules into host cells. Bordetella bronchiseptica, which is one of the few Bordetella that is capable of persisting in the environment, is rarely found in humans and is often associated with animals. This organism cause respiratory disease most commonly in pigs, rabbits and dogs.

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BLASTN Alignment.txt

Subject: NC_012563:36000 Clostridium botulinum A2 str. Kyoto, complete genome

Lineage: Clostridium botulinum; Clostridium; Clostridiaceae; Clostridiales; Firmicutes; Bacteria

General Information: This strain was isolated from a case of infant botulism in Kyoto, Japan in 1978. This organism produces one of the most potent and deadly neurotoxins known, a botulinum toxin that prevents the release of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, thereby inhibiting muscle contraction and causing paralysis. In most cases the diseased person dies of asphyxiation as a result of paralysis of chest muscles involved in breathing. The spores are heat-resistant and can survive in inadequately heated, prepared, or processed foods. Spores germinate under favorable conditions (anaerobiosis and substrate-rich environment) and bacteria start propagating very rapidly, producing the toxin.Botulinum toxin, and C. botulinum cells, has been found in a wide variety of foods, including canned ones. Almost any food that has a high pH (above 4.6) can support growth of the bacterium. Honey is the most common vehicle for infection in infants. Food poisoning through C. botulinum is the most frequent type of infection caused by this bacterium. The wound botulism that occurs when C. botulinum infects an individual via an open wound is much rarer and is very similar to tetanus disease. There are several types of botulinum toxin known (type A through type F), all of them being neurotoxic polypeptides. The most common and widely distributed are strains and serovars of C. botulinum that produce type A toxin.