Query: NC_000963:803435 Rickettsia prowazekii str. Madrid E, complete genome Lineage: Rickettsia prowazekii; Rickettsia; Rickettsiaceae; Rickettsiales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This strain is an egg-passaged attentuated avirulent strain that has been used as a live vaccine and was originally isolated from a typhus patient in Madrid. This species is the causal agent of typhus. The bacteria are transmitted via an insect, usually a tick, to a host organism, in this case humans, where they target endothelial cells and sometimes macrophages. They attach via an adhesin, rickettsial outer membrane protein A, and are internalized where they persist as cytoplasmically free organisms. Transovarial transmission (from mother to offspring) occurs in the invertebrate host.
- Sequence; - BLASTN hit (Low score = Light, High score = Dark) - hypothetical protein; - cds: hover for description
General Information: This strain is the first isolate of Ehrlichia chaffeensis, which was obtained from a patient on an army base in Arkansas, USA in 1990. Causes disease in humans. This organism is an obligate intracellular pathogen that exists within vacuoles in the cytoplasm of monocytes or granulocytes. Transferred during an insect (tick) bite, it can cause disease in humans (human monocytic ehrlichiosis) and can reside in several other animals and is a problem in immunocompromised patients. The bacterium inhibits phagosome-lysozome fusion as well as programmed cell death (apoptosis) of the host cell, similar to what is observed with Anaplasma phagocytophilum.