Query: NC_000913:2373984 Escherichia coli K12, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: Proteus mirabilis is a tetracycline resistant human urinary tract isolate. This bacterium is part of the normal gut flora of a healthy individual, but is also an opportunistic pathogen. Flagellar movement allows this organism to travel through the urinary tract into the bladder and kidney where it may cause infection or stones. Cell death is caused by hemolysin, a pore-forming toxin which disrupts osmotic balance across the host cell membrane. This species is inherently resistant to nitrofuran and tetracycline, and some strains have recently become resistant to ampicillin and trimethoprin.