Query: CU928160:2785792 Escherichia coli IAI1 chromosome, complete genome Lineage: Escherichia coli; Escherichia; Enterobacteriaceae; Enterobacteriales; Proteobacteria; Bacteria General Information: This organism was named for its discoverer, Theodore Escherich, and is one of the premier model organisms used in the study of bacterial genetics, physiology, and biochemistry. This enteric organism is typically present in the lower intestine of humans, where it is the dominant facultative anaerobe present, but it is only one minor constituent of the complete intestinal microflora. E. coli, is capable of causing various diseases in its host, especially when they acquire virulence traits. E. coli can cause urinary tract infections, neonatal meningitis, and many different intestinal diseases, usually by attaching to the host cell and introducing toxins that disrupt normal cellular processes.
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General Information: This organism (Ureaplasma urealyticum biovar 1) is normally found as a commensal organism in the human genital tract. As an opportunistic pathogen, it can cause a sexually-transmitted disease and is recognized as causing non-chlamydial non-gonococcal urethritis. It can also cause obstetric complications in pregnant women, severe infections in infants, as well as meningitis. Like other Mollicutes, it is a wall-less bacterium and has undergone marked genome reduction. This organism appears to generate ATP through the hydrolysis of urea by the urease enzyme.